Fifty Shades of White.. Of Split Tails and Rebels and Such

image

I happened upon this post shared by a good friend of mine yesterday.. And I have been completely infuriated by it ever since. I sincerely hope my friend was just sharing things and perhaps didn’t think through the post, or how offensive it actually is. To truly understand why this bothers me, I have to tell you a little bit of Arkansas history.

First off though.. I’m sick to death of seeing ‘where the Lord split you.’ It was prolly cute ten million uses ago when some kindergarten teacher said it in Sunday School, but ‘get the fuck off my page’ works just fine for me.

image

The Veasey-DeArmond House is a historic house on Arkansas Highway 81, south of Monticello, Arkansas, near Lacey. It is one of the county’s finest vernacular Greek Revival houses. The single-story wood-frame house was built in the 1850s on land granted to Abner Veasey by President James Buchanan, and follows a roughly Georgian-style center hall plan with parlor. The front entry is framed by sidelight windows, with a transom above, and pilasters flanking the windows.

The front hall is still yet half white washed where slaves laid down their brushes on the day they were set free during the Civil War.

The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.

In the early 1910s a young man from the Green Hill area named Henry Holland heard the cry “Go west, young man!” He heeded its call and traveled to Jacksonville, Texas, the acknowledged “Tomato Capital of Texas.” While in Texas, he learned about growing tomatoes for the market.
In 1917 Henry Holland returned to Drew County and planted an acre of tomatoes on the George Veasey (also called the Pearl Veasey DeArmond) place in the New Hope area. This was the humble beginnings of a new industry in the county.
His first crop was so successful that he convinced six of his neighbors to join him in planting 15 acres the next year. (Those six were Earl Crass, Jim Veasey, J.K. Veasey, Carl Halley, Greenwade Adcock and Bill Adcock.)
Holland taught them how to prepare and plant in hotbeds, how to transplant, how to fertilize, when to move the plants to the field, and how to stick, tie and prune the tomato plants.
Then he taught them how to pack the pink tomatoes and ship them by express to the Little Rock markets. Thus began the commercial tomato market that southeast Arkansas still thrives on to this day.

I knew Pearl Dearmond by a different name than most folks … The old lady with a herd of cats and the neat old root cellar was the papery old woman I called Aunt Pearl. Carl T. Halley, her brother, was my great grandfather. He dabbled in a few things besides tomatoes… But before we look at him, look back up there at who DONATED the land for the plantation a large portion of my family lived and died on that ultimately became the reason for the tomato industry in Bradley County… President James Buchanan. Since they are all about the heritage, do they know who he is? He is the man who effectively presided over the dissolution of the Union by failing to deal with secessionary forces and pinning his hopes on the legal system to resolve the slavery issue. To further complicate the issue, the Dred Scott decision, which held that slavery could not be excluded from any US territories, was handed down by the Supreme Court two days after Buchanan’s inauguration
Presided over the “Bleeding Kansas” political confrontation between anti-slavery Free-Soilers and pro-slavery settlers. Buchanan’s pro-slavery position led to an ugly rift with northern Democratic leader Stephen A. Douglas. After a disastrous presidency, Abraham Lincoln’s winning of the office was a foregone conclusion, and something like 40 days later the Civil War began.

In short, first off, the tomato growers owe to their livelihoods respect for a heritage of a lame Democrat President who SUPPORTED the south’s way of doing things donating the land where it all began.

image

Now. This post was made in a facebook group event page for a Confederate flag rally clearly sponsored by supporters of the Bandido nation. How can someone, especially after Waco, who is in support of the 1% bikers being stereotyped… Plainly state that if you associate with certain people you aren’t welcome? That sounds like the Waco cops and colors bans to me. Let’s look at that all encompassing ‘KKK’ they used. Now I know in the eyes of blacks you are now all automatically a CAPITOL LETTER TRIPLE K wrapped in a white bedsheet. However, do we now have to tolerate scorn for white pride from… CONFEDERATE FLAG WAVERS? The umbrella reference ‘kkk’ in and of itself is offensive in the same way that assuming all bikers are Hells Angels is rude. There have been several eras of the klan, and many different factions and levels of organizations that serves various purposes in countless communities.

image
For instance… The Original Ku Klux Klan of the Confederacy was a Klan faction led by Asa Carter in the late 1950s. Despite the group’s brief lifespan, it left its mark with a violent record, including an assault on Nat King Cole, participation in a riot in Clinton, Tennessee, and one of the few documented cases of castration by the Klan. It was not, however, directly related to any other Klan that existed during the Confederacy.

One of the most famous modern Klan organizations is The National Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. The National Knights were founded by James Venable, a second generation Klansmen whose family owned the property on Stone Mountain where the Second Era Ku Klux Klan was founded. Venable had been a member of a succession of Klans since 1927 by the late 1950s, when he had risen to the rank of Imperial Klonsel of the U.S. Klans. When that group began to be rent with factionalism in 1960, Venable joined the new United Klans of America, holding the Imperial Klonsel position there, as well as in the US Klans. On April 11, 1962, Venable founded the Defensive Legion of Registered Americans. July fourth of that year saw a joint rally of this organization with the UKA and National White Americans Party at Stone Mountain. Originally charted for 35 years, the organization seems to have lapsed sometime in 1964. Venable teamed up with Wally Butterworth to create a series of radio programs and phonograph records under the Defensive Legion label, as well as under the name Christian Voters and Buyers League. The radio program was eventually taken off the Atlanta radio station WJUN, but the records remained popular in white supremacist circles and were used as Klan recruitment tools. One of the issues that the phonograph records tried to popularize was the so-called kosher tax. Venable put up the money for the creation of these records himself, and even though some income was derived therefrom, the operation was a financial loss. Venable charted the National Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Inc. with the Secretary of State of Georgia on Nov. 1, 1963. The other incorporators were Wally Butterworth, also of Stone Mountain, Georgia, William Hugh Morris of Buchanan, Georgia and H.G.Hill of Atlanta.
image

There are many, many others. There’s no way to just say a blanket comment like that and not be offensive in some way to almost every white family in the South and even all over America. You also have to look at the different waves and eras of the Klan and what each stood for, and try to link back the new smaller regrouped klansmen from the ones of yesteryear. Since the late 1860s, there have been many organizations that have used the title “Ku Klux Klan”, or have split off from KKK groups using different names and variations of white supremacy. During Reconstruction, there were a number of White supremacist paramilitary groups that were organized to resist the reconstruction measures. While the Ku Klux Klan was the most famous, it overlapped in membership and ideology with a number of others. In some cases, they were virtually indistinguishable.

Between the Reconstruction period, known as the Klan’s “first era”, and the rebirth of the modern movement in 1915, there were a handful of groups that scholars have identified as “bridges” that engaged in similar vigilante activities and introduced Klan-type organizing into areas untouched by Reconstruction. In some cases, small towns often had “decency committees” or “vigilance committees”, who often used vigilante tactics against targets such as criminals, prostitutes, drunkards, and in some instances, Black people, Native Americans, Mexicans, Chinese Americans, European immigrants, Catholics, Mormons, and non-Christians, including Jews and atheists. Sometimes, in fact, their attire or disguise resembled that of the KKK.

During the “second era”, the KKK movement saw the rise and decline of one of the largest and most influential Klan factions, the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan Inc. The 1930s saw the growth of fascist-leaning groups such as the Black Legion and a revived Knights of the White Camellia. It was also during this time period, that, for the first time ever, certain KKK groups began openly seeking working relationships with neo-nazi and neo-fascist groups, such as the German-American Bund and the Silver Shirts. The KKK also openly worked alongside the Anti-Saloon League, in their shared goals of enforcing prohibition.

In the period roughly between the end of World War II and the passage of the Supreme Court’s so-called “Black Monday” ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, a number of small local “associations of Klans” were active, mainly in the Southeastern states.

During the period of the civil rights movement in the late 1950s and 1960s, the Klan experienced its “third era” which saw the growth of a number of KKK groups that sought to resist desegregation, by both peaceful and violent means. However, desegregation was not their only targets, other topics of Klan protest & hatred included the 1960’s counterculture, labor unions], evolutionism, liberalism, and so-called jewish Bolshevism. It was also around this time period that many Klan groups began working with other white supremacist groups like the White Citizens’ Council, the American Nazi Party & the National States’ Rights Party.

Sources: Wikipedia and klan historical websites

Now.. Why is all this pertinent? Because all of the men involved in those Klans during reconstruction were ALSO the prominent citizens and founders of the communities. My grandfather, Remember, the guy with the tomato farm? There was a big burned cross in the woods. My grandma on the maternal side of that family was Juanita Akin.. She had a fourth cousin in Mississippi named Bernard Akin. You should read up on THAT guy.
And thing is? My ancestral history is NOT exemplary in any way, shape or form. Any white dyed in the wool Arkansan tells the truth, they had at LEAST one white supremist somewhere amongst the branches of their Confederate family trees.

image

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Lynching was an extra-legal form of group violence, performed without judicial due process. Scholars enumerating cases of lynching consider only those cases in which an actual murder occurs, though some states had laws against the crime of “lynching in the second degree,” in which death did not result to the victim. Lynchings, especially in the American South, have typically been perpetrated on marginalized groups—predominately African Americans, but also Jews, immigrants, homosexuals, and criminals. One scholar estimates that, during its peak in the state (roughly the 1860s to the 1930s), at least 318 documented lynchings occurred, 231 victims of which were black.

Prior to the Civil War, most lynchings were carried out by individuals or mobs who sought to impose vigilante justice on white criminals. Because they were a form of property, slaves were rarely lynched. Reconstruction-era lynching, however, stemmed from the social disarray wrought by the war’s end. One common justification—since debunked—is that lynchings were frequent after the Civil War because justice was lacking and criminals often went free or were subjected to light sentences. Other motives were economic. “Whitecappers” (also known as “baldknobbers” and “nightriders”) were vigilante, primarily poor whites, who grouped together, beginning in the late 1860s, in order to intimidate African Americans into leaving a particular area, sometimes killing them. These poor white Arkansans often found themselves competing with freed slaves for land and jobs. In one instance that occurred along the Jefferson-Lonoke county lines, black tenant farmers were driven off their land in January 1905 by a group of poor whites known as the “Lonoke County Club.” The competition for land took form as a struggle not only between blacks and whites, but also between whites and Hispanics. Indeed, a mere month after the incident in Jefferson and Lonoke counties, whites warned migrant Hispanic laborers to leave the area or face violent consequences. In one rare case, in Phillips County in 1889, black whitecappers rose up to chase other blacks out of the area. However, the primary purpose of lynching was as a form of social control designed to keep African Americans subjugated and in a state of fear. Lynchings were also highly sexualized affairs, and one of the more common reasons given by whites who committed such acts was the pervasive need to protect white womanhood. The stereotype of the “black beast rapist” perpetuated the notion that lynching was a necessary measure to keep order.

The most notorious perpetrator of lynchings was the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), which first appeared in Arkansas around 1868. The Klan’s initial motives were primarily to disrupt the 1868 elections and thereby prevent freed backs from voting for Republican candidates. The fall of 1868 witnessed a slew of lynchings as the November elections approached. Governor Powell Clayton sought to restore order by sending militia groups to combat the Klan. In one incident, Monticello (Drew County) sheriff William Dollar was kidnapped by fifteen masked men and tied to a black man, Fred Reeves. The two were then dragged 300 yards and shot. To signify the sheriff’s attitudes on racial matters, their bodies were posed in an embrace and left in the middle of the road to rot in the sun. In what had been largely a Unionist area, northwest Arkansas witnessed fewer lynchings in the late 1800s than other parts of the state, although in Fayetteville (Washington County), Klan members were reputed to have broken up church services held at all-black St. James Methodist Church.

The worst violence occurred in southern Arkansas. Little River County endured a number of lynchings during the Reconstruction era, while in Crittenden County, highly organized Klan groups terrorized local blacks, gained complete control of the county, and hanged and murdered scores of people (though an exact death count will never be known). In the late 1860s, hundreds of blacks in Crittenden County periodically sought protection from plantation owner E. M. Main, who was a Freedmen’s Bureau official succeeding his murdered predecessor.

The number of lynchings perpetrated against blacks fell dramatically in the 1890s, when Jim Crow segregation statutes were implemented. Nevertheless, lynching remained a part of life in Arkansas as the state moved into the twentieth century. Indeed, while lynching declined around the turn of the century, the ratio of black victims compared to whites rose steadily, peaking in the 1920s. The nature and methods of lynchings also became more gruesome and terrifying. The March 1904 lynching in St. Charles (Arkansas County) represented a particularly horrific example, in which thirteen black victims were murdered in a four-day frenzy of violence.

Lynching was closely related to the practice of racial cleansing. For example, the Harrison race riots of 1905 and 1909 in Harrison (Boone County) effectively drove all but one African American from the area—creating, through violence and intimidation, a virtually all-white community. Only one person was killed during the riots, in 1905, but the fear of lynching, especially in 1909, motivated black residents to flee. Municipalities throughout Arkansas forbade black people from living in a particular town, usually through campaigns of intimidation. Such “sundown towns” as Alix (Franklin County) were far more prevalent in the northern half of Arkansas (where more than 100 such towns existed) than in the rest of the state. In northern and western Arkansas, some entire counties, such as Boone and Polk, refused to allow black residents. Sundown towns were at their peak in the late 1960s, thus surviving long after lynching in Arkansas had declined.

Occasionally, lynching was sanctioned by Arkansas leaders, who inflamed racial passions as a means of achieving their own political ends. Former governor Jeff Davis (who was born in Sevier County in 1862 and served as governor of the state from 1901 to 1907) was quite willing to defend the practice of lynching. When President Theodore Roosevelt visited Arkansas in 1905, Davis famously remarked, “[W]e have come to a parting of the way with the Negro. If the brutal criminals of that race…lay unholy hands upon our fair daughters, nature is so riven and shocked that the dire compact produces a social cataclysm.” Thus lynching represented not only a way of asserting white supremacy but also a political tool wielded by demagogues.

On the evening of September 30, 1919, the notorious Elaine Massacre erupted, which marked the deadliest racial episode in Arkansas history. The lynchings and murders that occurred in Elaine arose out of white fear and distrust of a black union organization in Phillips County. A shooting at a church in Hoop Spur (Phillips County) sparked the conflict; the presence of about 100 sharecroppers attending a meeting of the Progressive Farmers and Household Union quickly spurred massive violence by whites against blacks throughout the county. Although the exact death toll remains unknown, historians have estimated that hundreds of black citizens were killed, while five whites died in the incident.

Perhaps the most notorious isolated lynching in Arkansas history is that of John Carter. In late April 1927, Little Rock (Pulaski County) witnessed mob violence against African Americans following the murder of a twelve-year-old white girl named Floella McDonald. The alleged murderer, Lonnie Dixon, was quietly spirited out of the city to Texarkana (Miller County) in order to avoid the growing mob of angry whites in the capital. Then, on May 4, 1927, thirty-seven-year-old black Little Rock resident John Carter was accused of assaulting a local white woman and her daughter. Enraged whites scoured the area in search of Carter. He was found late in the day, hung from a telephone pole, and shot. Later, his body was set ablaze and dragged through the streets of Little Rock to the corner of 9th and Broadway streets—the heart of the city’s black community.

I guess the question is this… Do these so called ‘rebel riders’ want to REALLY celebrate our heritage, or are they going to attempt to white wash it? In my opinion that equals the black curtain Obama is attempting to drop over us.

i won’t deny the KKK in my ancestral roots. I won’t pretend it was all fiddle dee dee and Mint juleps. I won’t pretend it was all about slavery. I won’t pretend it was all Toby getting whipped in the barn and Mammy getting corn holed in the corn hole. It was all of it true. The good, the white, and the ugly. And I own every single drop of blood in me no matter what. It’s sad to see that even people who wave confederate flags have a problem with white pride, isn’t it?

image

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: